A Critique of Europe
Michel Wieviorka, “A Critique of Europe”, New Literary History 43, 4 (2012), 687-702.
The European Union arose out of humanist moral beliefs and, at the beginning, it was an economic much more than a directly political project. It is today in a deep state of crisis and is being challenged by nationalist or national-populist movements that have strong historical resources and can speak in the name of a cultural, linguistic, or religious past, on the one hand, and that have good reasons to criticize Europe from an economic perspective, on the other hand. Will Europe be able to survive, let alone develop, without implementing moral, cultural, ethical, and religious principles, rather than relying only on economic rationality?